Your First Conversation and Contact on a Repeater
Read by: Martha KJ4RIQ
That most exciting day just arrived! You now have passed your Technician Class exam and have been issued your first call sign by the FCC.
You have your station all set up and you are ready for your first contact on a repeater! You chose a local repeater frequency and dial it up on your rig. You just keyed your mic, gave out your call sign and now you hear……..your call sign and someone coming back to you with his call sign…..he un keys and the repeater is waiting for YOU!
BRAIN LOCK SETS IN! “What do I do? What do I talk about? Will I remember all those rules, regulations, theory and all that other stuff I had to study?
The simple answer is…….probably not……but don’t worry!
First thing….try to write his call sign down and if he gives his name, that too. Lots of good operators recognize a new ham instantly on the air and they will guide you with patience, understanding, maybe some fun prodding and picking at you to get you to relax and have fun with your new license.
Read by: PAUL KJ4WQN
He will WELCOME you!
A good operator will never make you feel unwanted on the air. He may ask you to repeat your call sign just to make certain he understood who he is talking to and if you forget to give your name, he will ask for it. Most hams don’t like to talk to a “call sign”, so getting names and also locations helps to start the conversation.
If you make mistakes….he will most likely let you know what you did wrong and inform you as to the correct way in a friendly manor.
Don’t be surprised if he asks you all the questions instead of the other way around. He is just trying to get you to feel relaxed on the air. As your experience grows in ham radio, aways try to remember your first contact and how excited and nervous you were. Now it’s your turn and you are the one responding to a new ham and his first contact! Make him feel at home and…….be a good operator…..like your first contact was! Repeater ID…..you and it!
You must transmit your call sign at the end of a contact and at least every 10 minutes during the course of any communication. You do not have to transmit the call sign of the station to whom you are transmitting. Never transmit without identifying. For example, keying your microphone to turn on the repeater without saying your station call sign is illegal. If you do not want to engage in conversation, but simply want to check if you are able to access a particular repeater, simply say “(your call sign…… testing.”
Frequently Asked Questions about D-STAR
Read by: NICKI KF4DHK
Q: What does “D-STAR” stand for?
A: The D-STAR stands for Digital Smart Technologies for Amateur Radio. It is an open standard digital communication protocol established by Japan Amateur Radio League (JARL).
Q: What can I do with the D-STAR radio?
A: 4.8kbps digital voice (DV) mode and 128kbps data (DD) mode (only available with ID-1 radios) communications are available. When using DD mode with a PC and the D-STAR radio, high speed data communication is possible.
Q: Can I send data with a voice transmission?
A: Yes, you can. In DV mode operation only, you can simultaneously send up to 950bps of data, such as call sign, short data message or GPS position with a voice transmission.
Q: Can I make a call with foreign countries?
A: Yes, you can. The Internet gateway allows you to relay your call to a remote D-STAR repeater over the Internet. The D-STAR repeater call sign and IP address must be registered to the gateway server. Some restrictions may apply based on specific country regulations.
Read by: DENNIS KF4CSR
Q: Can I use the D-STAR repeater without connecting to the Internet?
A: Yes, you can use a D-STAR repeaters a local repeater. You can also communicate with other D-STAR radios directly.
Q: Can I receive a call only when the call is intended for me?
A: Yes, you can. the call sign squelch function opens the squelch only when you call sign is received.
Q: How do I set a repeater call sign when I make a call to a desired station using a D-STAR repeater?
A: When you communicate with other D-STAR stations using a D-STAR repeater, it is necessary to set the repeater’s call sign in RPT1/RPT2 as well as the desired station call sign and your own call sign.
Read by: LARRY KC4ZOA
For example, when you make a call in the same zone (without using the Internet gateway), set the uplink repeater call sign in RPT1 and the downlink repeater call sign in RPT2. Set “CQCQCQ” for the desired station call sign, when you make a CQ call.
When you make a call in another time zone using the Internet gateway, set the uplink repeater call sign in RPT1 and the gateway call sign in RPT2. The gateway repeater has “G” setting for the 8th-digit. Set “/” plus downlink repeater call sign at the desired station call sign, when you make a CQ call.
ARLB014 ARRL Board of Directors Approves 9 cm Band Plan
Read by: JERRY KE4ETY
The ARRL Board of Directors has unanimously voted to approve the 9 cm band plan, as presented by the ARRL UHF/Microwave Band Plan Committee. Earlier this year, the committee asked radio amateurs for comments on a proposed 9 cm band plan, explaining that the purpose of these band plans is to share information about how the amateur bands are being used and to suggest compatible frequency ranges for various types of application. The committee also recognized that local conditions or needs may necessitate deviations from a band plan, and that regional frequency coordinating bodies may recommend alternatives for use in their respective regions.
Read by: RICK N9GRW
The new 9 cm band plan includes the following notations:
- This band plan includes all other emission modes authorized in the 9 cm amateur band whose necessary bandwidth does not exceed the suggested bandwidths listed.
- Weak Signal Terrestrial legacy users are encouraged to move to 3400.3-3401.0 MHz, as time and resources permit.
- Broadband segments may be used for any combination of high-speed data (e.g. 802.11 protocols), Amateur Television and other high-bandwidth activities. Division into channels and/or separation of uses within these segments may be done regionally, based on need and usage.
- Per ITU RR 5.149 from WRC-07, these band segments are also used for Radio Astronomy. Amateur use of these frequencies should be first coordinated with the National Science Foundation.
GOO GOO Cluster: The First Combination Confection
Read by: Ed KE4JWS
In 1912, in a copper kettle at the Standard Candy Company at Clark & First Avenue in Nashville, TN, the world’s first ever combination candy bar was invented. A roundish mound of caramel, marshmallow nougat, fresh roasted peanuts and real milk chocolate; its renegade shape was more difficult to wrap than the conventional rectangular or square shapes of the day. More importantly, this was the first time multiple elements were being mass-produced in a retail confection. Previous to the advent of the Goo Goo Cluster, candy bar manufacturing consisted of bars of only chocolate, only caramel or taffy. The Goo Goo Cluster represented the first time a bar consisted of more than just one principal ingredient.
About That Great Name
For a time it was impossible to ask for a Goo Goo by name since no one could decide what to call the delicious thick clusters of candy. The story of how the candy came to be named comes in many versions. Two stand out over all the rest. Some people say that it was named Goo Goo because it’s the first thing a baby says. Howell Campbell, Jr., the man whose father invented the Goo Goo Cluster, says that his father used to ride the streetcar to work every day and he would talk the matter over with fellow passengers. Mr. Campbell was announcing to fellow passengers on the streetcar his newborn son’s first words and a schoolteacher made the connection with the candy. She suggested Mr. Campbell name his treat Goo Goo! It is so good, people will ask for it from birth.
This Is a Southern Tradition
One of the most interesting facts about the Goo Goo Cluster is its association with Nashville. People visit Nashville, try a Goo Goo Cluster and are hooked on the Southern treat. Fortunately, now wherever you live in the U.S. or Canada, Goo Goo Cluster fans can order the famous candy online from October 1st through May 15th (after that the heat of summer starts to wreak havoc on the real milk chocolate.